May and June: Politics in Latin America and Spain

Many political events have unfolded in Spanish-speaking countries in the Americas and Europe, impacting many people. Here is a brief overview of some significant developments in these regions.


  • May 6: King Felipe VI of Spain and Queen Letizia of Spain attend the coronation of King Charles III of the United Kingdom. For the first time in 900 years, foreign monarchs were to the coronation of a British monarch.
  • May 8: Voters in Chile elect the country’s far-right Republican political party to be a majority in the country’s Constitutional Council, tasked with rewriting the country’s old constitution. 
  • May 12: United States President Joe Biden and Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez meet in Washington D.C. to discuss Russia’s war in Ukraine. Both leaders expressed that they will continue to stand with Ukraine through the war and hope for peace. They also discussed issues that both countries face, including immigration and defense. 
  • May 17: President Guillermo Lasso of Ecuador dissolves the opposition-led National Assembly to halt his impeachment proceedings upon the Assembly’s accusations of embezzlement. He will not seek reelection, and his presidency will end in six months. Recent polling in the county shows he has very low public approval in Ecuador.
  • May 29: To recover from a setback in local and regional polls and attempt to boost his party’s power in the Spanish government, Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez calls for an early general election on July 23rd. 
  • May 30: Many leftist political parties in Spain have created a new coalition alliance called Sumar, increasing Sánchez’s reelection chances.


  • June 12: In Caracas, the President of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro, hosts the President of Iran, Ebrahim Raisi, to discuss 25 deals to increase cooperation between the two countries, including increasing trade from 3 billion dollars to 20 billion dollars by establishing a new joint shipping company.
  • June 13: President Luis Lacalle Pou of Uruguay meets with U.S. President Joe Biden in Washington, discussing issues in the region, including preserving democracy and the current situation of Venezuela.
  • June 27: After a prison uprising in Honduras that left 41 people dead, the government has begun implementing stricter policies on prisons throughout the country, like doing complete searches of prison cells in search of drugs and using more force on prisoners. New policies placed by Honduran president Xiomara Castro are similar to those of neighboring El Salvador but have also led to people questioning the Honduran government for possible human rights abuses in their prisons.
  • June 29: After Mexico refused to hand over the presidency of the Pacific Alliance trade bloc to Peru by deeming Peru’s government illegitimate, the member states of Mexico, Peru, Chile, and Colombia reached an agreement. Mexico will temporarily give its position to Chile, from which Peru will obtain the presidency of this organization on August 1st.